Following the discovery of what is being described as mass graves in the Buea and Mamfe areas, there are strong indications that, there was actually a massacre and possible genocide on Southern Cameroonians as they celebrated the restoration of the Southern Cameroons independence on October 1 2017.
The report from the Post Newspaper of October 16 about a possible mass grave in Mile 16 area around Buea in the South West Region and the controversial statements from the Divisional Officer for Buea, calls for in-depth investigations.
It would be recalled that on October 1 2017, concordant sources had indicated that many peaceful protesters were killed around the independence square as they struggled to converge on the area for the celebrations.
Hundreds of demonstrators who left neighbouring towns of Limbe, Tiko, Mutengene, Mile 16, Muea and even Muyuka and were converging on the Independence or Bongo Square, were shot at in the nearby bushes by the Cameroon army which fired them from helicopters. Little wonder that corpses were discovered in Bokuva and other areas few days after the massacre.
In the 7:30 PM TV newscast of October 1 2017 on the Cameroon National Television, CRTV, the presenter Kima Esther, she said “a group of protesters who were trying to converge on Bongo square were pushed back by the forces of law and order.” No precision as to the nature of the “pushing back” nor the number of casualties. Reporters in Buea confirmed that they saw crowds of youths going to Bongo Square, with the helicopters hovering and shooting at them. "I am very convinced majority of those who were marching to the Independence Square must have been killed from the helicopters. I watched the helicopter descended so low on several instances from my room in Great Soppo," a reporter who requested anonimity for fear of reprisals, said.
|Lt Col Bahana and General Milingi: What Happened in Buea on Oct 1?|
What is known and as reported by the CRTV is that, Lt Colonel Bahana Zogo Jaques Alain of the 21st Infantry Battalion and General Milingi Donacien of the Motorised Infantry Brigade of the Cameroon army were the commanders of "operations" in Buea and the South West region.
If one was to go by the conflicting figures of the number of casualties, some putting the figures at above 300, there are indications of a possible genocide- the planned and deliberate killing of a race or people from a particular. Reports from Mamfe which are still under investigations also indicated that the military onslaught on the population left many dead, with some corpses said to have been reportedly buried in a "mass grave," yet to be fully identified.
Below is a full report from the Post Newspaper of October 16 2017.
Buea Midnight ‘Mass’ Burial Uncovered
*Hidden Faces Behind Gruesome Act Unmasked
*Was Slain Atanga’s Corpse Among Those Buried?
By Isidore Abah of The Post newspaper.
The population of Buea, especially inhabitants of Mile 16 Bolifamba, are still in shock following Wednesday, October 11 ‘mass’ burial in the community’s cemetery.
Armed troops heavily masked and led by the Divisional Officer, DO, for Buea, Paul Wokam Kouam, drove through the neighbourhood at break-neck speed in the wee hours of the day heading for the cemetery.
The military manoeuvre that animated the armoured motorcade sent young people fleeing for their lives.
They youths thought that the armed troops had come for one of their routine raids, given the numerous break-ins, lootings and arrests of young people by the forces of law and order that have swept across Mile 16 since the escalation of the Anglophone Crisis.
|Atanga : Allegedly murdered by Buea Mayor|
The situation was further compounded by the fact that the October 11 incident was coming less than 72 hours after troops raided Saint Jude Catholic Parish Mile 16 and swept scores of Christians into detention.
The gory memory of that event was still very fresh in the minds of denizens, especially the youths who were the hardest hit. The fear of a repeat of the October 8 incident sent the young people scampering into the bushes for their lives.
Since the September 22 and October 1 demonstrations that quaked through major cities in the Anglophone Regions, most young people have founded safe havens in the farms.
However, the mission of the armed troops on that October 11, marshalled by an experienced senior civil administrator, was not to arrest anybody, but rather to bury corpses of some unknown individuals.
Speaking to The Post, one of the boys, who was contracted to dig the ‘mass’ grave, whose name we are withholding for security reasons, said they were only contacted to dig the grave, while the forces of law and order carried out the nocturnal burial under the keen supervision of the DO.
According to him, they were asked to dig a grave that will take more than a corpse.
Our source, however, maintained that the mass burial plan was conveniently hatched and executed with the help of some Bolifamba notables.
“We were contacted by some notables of Mile 16 that the Government has ordered us to dig a grave for some inmates who were killed in Douala, while trying to escape from prison.
|Some Buea Victims|
And since the inmates have no relatives to bury them, the Government decided to transfer their corpses to Buea.
But what was surprising was the fact that one Mr. Simon Kwetta, who resides here in Mile 16, stood in as a parent for one of those killed. But we know him very well and all his children, but none of them died recently,” our source stated.
When The Post visited Kwetta’s residence to condole with him and find out which of his children died, Kwetta was not home. A10-year-old smart girl emerged from the house and said her grandfather was not in.
Despite our appeal for her to call her mother, whom she said was inside, the girl just gave her grandfather’s phone number and disappeared, apparently acting on instructions from inside.
When The Post called the number minutes later on October 15, Kwetta refused to pick his calls.
Buea DO Supervised Nocturnal Burial
In the midst of this hubbub, the Chief of Bolifamba, HRH Simon Kombe, was out of the country. But a member of his Traditional Council, who elected for anonymity for fear of victimisation, told The Post that: “Before the October 11 midnight burial, the Government, through the DO of Buea, wrote to us, informing us that the Government will like to use our graveyard to bury some people. Since we didn’t have any power to give such authorisation, we contacted our Chief who was out of the country and he accepted. We could not do otherwise, because, it is the Government that gave us that land and if the Government, through the DO and the Buea Council, wanted to use the land, who are we to say no?”
Our source further recalled that a week before the October 11 incident, they were invited to the Buea Council and briefed about the burial by the Head of Sanitation.
“But he didn’t tell us that they were coming to bury people at midnight.”
Asked whether the Traditional Council was represented during the burial, our source said: “The whole operation was led by the DO and the police in the night, so I could not go there. But we know that those who were buried were not from Mile 16. They only gave our Traditional Council a token for using our cemetery,” he said.
Our source also said he was not aware if Kwetta lost a child.
Braving The Ordeal To The Cemetery
The Bolifamba Cemetery is located closer to Mutengene. It is a 30 minute ride on a motor bike to the cemetery. But not all riders can undertake such a journey. Only experienced bikers dare to confront the rugged road leading to the cemetery.
As for cars, only 4x4 built cars can undertake such an expedition. But The Post braved the odds on Saturday, October 14, to the cemetery to ascertain if there was any burial.
Our findings confirmed that there was, indeed, burial because of the visible signs of a newly dug grave.
The grave, which was dug in a maize farm, was different from the other four that were already existing.
Because of the haphazard manner in which it was done and probably in haste, the grave had already developed cracks.
|Buea DO....Burying Victims at Night?|
Speaking to The Post by phone, the DO of Buea, Paul Wokam Kouam, affirmed that there was a burial at the cemetery, which he personally supervised. But he debunked the allegations that it was a mass burial. According to him, the burial was unconnected to those who were killed in the wake of the Anglophone Crisis. Going be Wokam, the person who was interred that night was a delinquent, who was killed at the Muntengene Gendarmerie post while attempting to escape.
“He was neutralised but still escaped and later died in Douala,” he averred.
The DO said his corpse was later confiscated by the security officers in Douala but it took the lobbying of the Buea Legion Commander and other top administrative officers before the corpse was handed over to the family.
“That is why the burial took place in the night,” he added.
Even though the DO could not immediately remember the name of the deceased or his relatives, whom he said were present during the burial, Wokam, however, lauded the Buea Council for aiding the deceased’s family with transportation facility and the Government for aiding the bereaved family with FCFA 500,000, which he (the DO) claimed he personally handed over to them during the burial.
Tying UP Loose Ends
News of the mass burial has left tongues wagging in Buea. Many rhetorical questions beg for answers.
Why would the DO negotiate for the burial of an imamate who died in Douala? When did it become the responsibility of the DO to supervise the burial of delinquents? Why was the burial carried out at midnight? What was the reason behind the Buea Council providing transportation for the corpse of a delinquent? Why would the Government, through the Bolifamba notables, contract young people to dig a grave, but later bring in armed troops to bury the supposed inmate? What informed Government’s decision to aid the family of a criminal who was running away from justice?
And why will the Government assign the DO and the Council to bury an inmate killed in Douala at the Bolifamba Cemetery, when there are over five councils in Douala and a City Council that can perform the same role?
Why Mile 16 when there are other neighbouring Councils to Douala like: Dibonbari, Eseka, Mbanga and Tiko with cemeteries that could shoulder the burials of the inmate?
The aforementioned questions point to the fact that the nocturnal burial in Mile 16 is more than what meets the eye.
Was Slain Atanga’s Corpse Among Those Buried?
The September 22 demonstration in the Southwest Region ended on a bloody note, when 27-year-old Augustine Atanga Awah was allegedly gunned down by the smoking gun of the Mayor of Buea, Patrick Ekema Esunge.
Speaking to The Post in their Tiko residence on September 23, Atanga’s family swore that the person behind their child’s death will not live to tell the story.
After the family’s public utterances, the Southwest administration went wild, confiscated the corpse and ordered the deceased family to go and wait until when Government will decide to release the mortal remains of their son to them for burial.
On Thursday, October 12, Atanga’s family was finally contacted to come for their son’s corpse. But they were warned that: the corpse should not be laid at home, that the coffin should not be opened and that military men will accompany the corpse to its final resting place.
However, speaking to The Post by phone on Sunday, October 15, late Atanga’s Uncle, Solomon Muna, said: “We were forbidden by the DO and the police from opening the coffin. We were also asked to carry the corpse straight from the mortuary to the village without passing through Tiko where the boy grew up. We were heavily guarded out of Buea. We only opened the corpse in the village,” he said.
The abrogation of some administrative conditions by those who set them have left many wondering if late Atanaga’s corpse was not among the Mile 16 mass burial to avert the family from invoking his spirit to chase down his assailants like they earlier promised.
Fear Of Beti Assomo’s Visit
Other reports garnered by The Post hold that the mass burial was also precipitated by news of the visit of the Minister of Defence, Joseph Beti Assomo.
According to our sources, the Southwest administrators were scared that the Minister may decide to visit the mortuary and discover the impact of the September 22 and October 1 carnage in the Southwest Region.
Southwest officials have repeatedly maintained that nobody was killed during the aforementioned peaceful demonstrations.
But bullet-ridden corpses are still fetched from the bushes weeks after the carnage. It was in a bid to get rid of such evidence that some administrators decided to carry out a mass burial on the eve of the Minister’s visit.
What The Law Says About Nocturnal Burials
Section 200 of Law No 2016/007 of 12 July 2016, commonly referred to as the Penal Code, bordering on illicit burial, states that: “Whoever disposes of a human corpse otherwise than as prescribed by law or regulation shall serve a punishment for from six days to three months and with a fine of from FCFA 200 to FCFA 15,000.”
Again, Section 273 of the same law with regards to disturbance of a funeral states that: “Whoever disturbs (a) any funeral ceremony or procession or defaces any funeral movement or (b) fails to perform any duty by which he is bound to bury or borne a corpse shall be punished with imprisonment from one to six months with a fine from FCFA 5,000 to FCFA 25,000 or with both such imprisonment and fine.
Meanwhile, Section 274 which borders on the violation of graves and corpses holds that (1) whoever (a) violets any tomb or place of burial (b) offers indignity to any human corpse or part thereof whether buried or not, shall be punished with imprisonment from three months to five years and with a fine from FCFA 10,000 to FCFA 100,000.